Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library and patients guide covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses, conditions and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided at the end of this page.
As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.
'scientia potentia est’
'knowledge is power'
Pleae feel free to browse through and down load patient's guide to the following topics:
- Medications for Arthritis
- Psoriatic Arthritis
- Rehabilitation for Arthritis
- Septic Arthritis
- Postsurgical Infection
- Nutrition and Surgery
- Tobacco Cessation
- Ankle Anatomy
- Ankle Impingement Problems
- Peroneal Tendon Subluxation
- Peroneal Tendon Problems
- Ankle Sprain and Instability
- Claw toes/Hammer toes
Enchondromas are small benign tumors made up of cartilage that form in the bone beneath the toenail. Enchondromas are the most common bone tumors of the hands and feet and usually are painless. The tumor can involve large portions of the bones, causing thinning of the cortex. This can weaken the bone and cause it to break spontaneously. When enchondromas occur in the small bone in the end of the toe, they can cause pain that may mimic the pain of ingrown toenails.
Ollier's Disease, also known as enchondromatosis, frequently occurs in the small bones in the hands and toes (phalanges) and the long bones behind the phalanges, called metatarsals. This condition is characterized by multiple enchondromas.
Maffucci's Syndrome is a very rare form of enchondromatosis that combines multiple enchondromas in bones anywhere in the body with benign soft tissue tumors (known as hemangiomas), which are associated with blood vessels. This condition tends to appear in the hands and feet, and has a greater tendency toward malignant transformation than Ollier's Disease.
Because they are painless, most enchondromas are discovered when X-rays are taken for another reason. CT scans and MRI can also help in diagnosing enchondromas.
The majority of enchondromas require no treatment. Only in cases where the tumors are aggressive and begin destroying bone tissue do they require further attention, often surgical removal.